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Past Tense and Present Tense/Future Tense Verbs in the Qur'an (Grammar Research on Surah An-Nisa')

Rahmah, Siti (2018) Past Tense and Present Tense/Future Tense Verbs in the Qur'an (Grammar Research on Surah An-Nisa'). Tesis, Pascasarjana.

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ABSTRAK

Siti Rahmah,2018.Past Tense and Present Tense/Future Tense Verbs in the Qur'an (Grammar Research on Surah An-Nisa').Thesis.Post-Graduate Program of Arabic Education Program of Antasari State Islamic UniversityBanjarmasin. Advisors:(I) Prof.Dr.H.A.Fahmy Arief,MA., and (II) Dr.H. Faisal Mubarak Seff,Lc.,MA. Keywords:Past Tense, Present Tense/Future Tense, Grammar Research. Arabic is the language of the Qur'an. Learn Arabic is very important thing to understand Allah's Word. Therefore, We need to learn science (nahwu), and also for the purpose of learning to make educators or learners can be accessed easily. And problems contained in the field academic of which is an error in the word usage especially verb in greeting and writing. Verb perspective science (nahwu) different from the verb in science (sharf), the meaning of verb in science (nahwu) not visible only through the form as at the science sharf, but is meaning seen also through various forms of the structure of said in a sentence. Then understand the verb the terms of the form and meaning to achieve the goal of learning Arabic especially in the education Arabic, that is that the students not only are required to understand the science in simple terms, especially science Nahwu, but should also be understood in depth. And start there are problems when verb used in greeting and writing, is a verb is used id accordance with the form (verb past meaningful past and verb was/is coming meaningful was/is coming) or used according to the structure of said in a sentence. Thus, it mentioned specifically in different form from grammatical (past, present, and future) and meaning of periods based on sentences. The research method used in this research is descriptive research and discourse analysis by using qualitative approach, analysis was applied in this thesis is Al-Qur'an Verse of An-Nisa', then verb was analyzed by relating to all interpretation of Al-Qur'an and kitab the special language books (nahwu and sharaf) the term meaning in it as well as the context of the sentence. From the result of the research, that all the verses in An-Nisa 'letters have cleanverbs in verses 138 and 156. Some past verbs with past meanings are 229 verbs, present 3 verbs, meanings future 118 verbs, the third meaning the period was 61 verbs, and no meaning was made for the 12 verbs. And some verbs present/future with the meanings 20 verbs, present meanings 17 verbs, future meanings 288 verbs, present and future meanings 89 verbs. Every verb in the contents can not be separated from the context of the sentence, past verbs with past meanings. The use of keyword words, negative words, question words, really, when, the lam al jawab, kana, and memory are properties, answers if and if not, and marble before the letters describe the situation; past verbs with meanings being labeled verbs that show in the work, and compilation If the word "now"; the past verb with the impending meanings of letters or words indicating the condition, if (almashdariyah), revealing (alzharfiyah), and based, and also forming a promise, being responsible, and hopeless; a past verb with the meaning of words used as a word (kana) that attributes Allah to all of His attributes. And the verb is being/future with the meaning of the past, the root and the words (alzharfiyah) and is khana kana; a verb is/will be done with meaning of writing after the word, negative word (ma and in), and compilation is located as thing (indicates state); the verb is/will be done with the meaning that will come by using the negative letters, the letters sin and saufa, if (almashdariyah), all letters, and mixing during the reinforcement nun; the verb is/will be done with a mean meaning and will come with no relation which is the working period. And the meaning of the verb that is structured in the letter 'athaf then meaning like the previous working period.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Depositing User: Mr. Zulkifli Ariyadi
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2018 01:11
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2018 01:11
URI: http://idr.uin-antasari.ac.id/id/eprint/10036

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