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Effectiveness of MUI Fatwa Number 22 Year 2011 on Environmentally Friendly Mining in South Kalimantan (Case Study in Tabalong District)

Mahfuzah, Annisa (2018) Effectiveness of MUI Fatwa Number 22 Year 2011 on Environmentally Friendly Mining in South Kalimantan (Case Study in Tabalong District). Tesis, Pascasarjana.

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ABSTRAK

Annisa Mahfuzah, SEI: Effectiveness of MUI Fatwa Number 22 Year 2011 on Environmentally Friendly Mining in South Kalimantan (Case Study in Tabalong District) under the guidance of I: Dr. H. Sukarni, M. Ag. and II: Dr. H. Jalaluddin, M.Hum., On PostGraduate Program of UIN Antasari Banjarmasin, (2018). This research is motivated by the rampant exploitation of land in Indonesia, especially South Kalimantan which is rich in mining products. The abundant wealth should be for the welfare and mashlahat of the people as stated in the MUI Fatwa Number 22 Year 2011 About on Environmentally Friendly Mining. However, what happens in the field shows that mining activities have negative impacts on the environment. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of MUI Fatwa Number 22 Year 2011 About Environmentally Friendly Mining in South Kalimantan. In addition to knowing the form of socialization and the constraints faced in the socialization of the fatwa as well as efforts to solve the MUI. This research includes empirical sociological law research, ie research conducted in certain environments, in this case done in South Kalimantan Province (case study in Tabalong District) with qualitative approach. There are four people who become key informants in this research, namely the MUI Tabalong District, Environment Agency, Mining Actors and the communities around the mining site. The informants were interviewed by purposive sampling which results will be comparable and explored and then draw conclusions of concrete analysis. Analysis is done descriptively qualitative and using Spradley model analysis. The results show that the fatwa is not effective. The ineffectiveness of the fatwa is evident from the expected non-conformity of the results. Where there are still many people who do not know the fatwa and the goals contained in the fatwa that is for welfare and mashlahat not achieved because of the economic inequality in society. The obstacles faced are the constraints stewardship of MUI Tabalong District, both in terms of human resources and funding in socialization. Lack of awareness and legal compliance of the community and mining actors is also a constraint, coupled with the lack of role of religious leaders in supporting the socialization process. Based on the Spradley model analysis shows that the obedience and awareness of the people in running the rules in accordance with the teachings of religion is influenced by the culture of the people of Tabalong Regency who have an perspective anthroponsentrisme way towards the environment as well as the priority economic motives. So that this fatwa will not be effective despite the socialization and application of sanctions against violators of the rules without any awareness and adherence by Indvidu itself. Keywords: Effectiveness, Environmentally Friendly Mining, Tabalong District

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Depositing User: Mr. Zulkifli Ariyadi
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2018 06:49
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2018 06:49
URI: http://idr.uin-antasari.ac.id/id/eprint/10073

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